Model Questions for Immunology (MSc Microbiology, Faculty of Science, TU, Nepal)
Long Answer Questions (10)
1. Explain in brief about type III hypersensitivity. Differentiate between immediate and delayed type hypersensitivity.
Short Answer Questions (5 marks for each)
2. What is autoimmunity? Explain with some abnormal physiology in human body.
3. Explain the entry of HIV in CD4 cell.
4. Write in brief about immunotolerance.
5. Explain the mechanism of tissue injury in type I hypersensitivity.
Very Short Answer Questions (2 marks for each)
6. Describe the neonatal jaundice in brief.
7. What is myasthenia gravis?
8. What is arthus reaction?
9. Describe in brief about chronic granulomatous disease.
10. Explain the manifestation of mutations occur in the Bruton's tyrosine kinase (Btk) gene.
11. Enlist some diseases due to congenital immunodeficiency.
MCQs (1 mark for each)
1. Type I hypersensitivity can be blocked using:
B An IgA myeloma.
C A myeloma protein of mixed antibody class.
E Sodium cromoglycate.
2. Mycoplasma pneumoniae infection can lead to:
A Hashimoto's thyroiditis.
B Cold hemagglutinin disease.
D Thrombocytopenic purpura.
E Neonatal alloimmune thrombocytopenia.
3. The term reactive lysis usually refers to a sequence of events involving:
B Natural killer (NK) cells.
C Cytotoxic T-lymphocytes (CTL).
D Antibody-dependent cellular cytotoxicity (ADCC).
E Th1 cells.
4. Which type of hypersensitivity cannot be transferred with serum antibody?:
A Type I.
B Type II.
C Type III.
D Type IV.
E Type V.
5. Anaphylaxis can be triggerred by cross-linking of IgE receptors on:
B Mast cells.
Source: Roitt's Essential Immunology, 12th Edition.
Saturday, August 22, 2015
Model Questions for Immunology (MSc Microbiology, Faculty of Science, TU, Nepal)
Wednesday, July 15, 2015
Some key-words are:
What is the structure ?
What is the role of Proteins?
- The function of a protein is intrinsically dependent on its structure.
- Since its structure is maintained by combinations of chemical interactions which are individually weak and flexible, the environment in which a protein finds itself can affect its structure.
- Heat and pH affect protein structure.
- The cell uses factors such as phosphorylation or ligand-binding to affect the structure, and therefore the function, of many proteins
- The first discovered Amino Acid was asparagine, in 1806.
- The last, threonine, 1938.
- All the amino acids have trivial or common names, in some cases derived from the source from which they were first isolated.
- Asparagine was first found in asparagus,
- Glutamate in wheat gluten;
- Tyrosine was first isolated from cheese (its name is derived from the Greek tyros, “cheese”); and glycine (Greek glykos, “sweet”) was so named because of its sweet taste.
PVTtim H*A*LL (private team hall)
*Semi essential amino acid
Rest of the materials are found in pdf file. Please, wait in case of slow internet.
Sunday, July 12, 2015
Model Questions for Biochemistry (Microbiology)
1. Explain in brief about lipolysis.
2. Explain the urea cycle.
3. What is the salvage pathway, enlist the steps?
4. Why TCA is said to be amphibolic?
5. What are the ketone bodies? Explain their metabolism.
6. What are enzymes, explain with the classification?
7. Give some examples of the special molecules of the body whose precursor are amino acids.
8. Enlist the enzymes involved in TCA cycle and estimate the number of ATP generation.
9. Describe the stoichiometry for palmitic acid oxidation.
10. What are the differences between fatty acid biosynthesis and breakdown.
11. Derive Michaelis-Menten equation.
12. What are coenzymes and isozymes? Explain in brief with examples.
13. Explain pyruvate dehydrogenase complex.
14. What is the glyoxylate cycle? Show its relationship to the citric acid cycle.
15. Explain the De novo synthesis of Pyrimidine (steps only).
Friday, June 19, 2015
Central Department of Microbiology of Nepal was established in 1990 (2048) under Institute of Science and Technology (IOST) at Tribhuvan University. The department offers Master’s and Ph. D. Degree in Microbiology. Over 500 students have completed M. Sc. degree and a few candidates have completed Ph. D. degree in Microbiology from this department. Despite many hurdles has been faced in Nepal in academic field, the department can maintain its own building with necessary infrastructures, research laboratories along with free Internet access and library facilities, etc.
Here is the list of MSc theses submitted to the central department of microbiology (CDM), TU, Nepal up to batch of 2003 and some 2004. Titles of recent MSc and all PhD theses will be uploaded.
Note: This is for academic purpose only, and voluntarily publishing, blog does not take any responsibility for accuracy and other claims.
Courtesy: Microbiological Students' Association of Nepal (MiSAN).
Name Year Topics
|Mr. Rajan Pd. Adhikari||1994||Microbial Quality of fruits of Kathmandu valley and their utilization in wine making and upgrading protein content of fruits peels by using Aspergillus niger, Trichodema and Penicillium spp|
|Bidya Shrestha||1994||Study of campylobacter in diarrheal and non-diarrheal Nepalese children and detection of in diarrheal children|
|Anjana Maharjan||1994||Bacteriological investigation on ice-cream of kathmandu|
|Anjana Shrestha||1994||Study on the water pollution of Ranipokhari and use of fish culture as a biological control of pond pollution|
|Kedar G.C.||1994||An indigenous fermented food of Eastern Nepal|
|Shova Shrestha||1994||Study of physical composition and bacteriological analysis of solid waste of Kathmandu city|
|Dwij Raj Bhatta||1994||Isolation and characterization of thermo philic and anylase positive bacteria from hot spring of Nepal|
|Pradeep Kumar Shah||1994||Biotyping of coagulase negative staphy lococci (CONS)|
|Peare Banmali||1994||Bacteriological study of food and water of pode community of Kirtipur|
|Bimmi Shrestha||1995||Epidemiology and microbiology of lower respiratory tract infection among adult patients in Nepal|
|Gyanendra Bd. Karki||1995||Bacteriological study of chicken and buff meat of Kathmandu valley|
|Indu Bikram Joshi||1995||Preliminary survey of dominant bacterial flora of indoor air of Kathmandu|
|Arjuman Shrestha||1995||Proteolytic Activities of mesophilic Bacteria|
|Sangita Shakya||1995||Study on the impolite activities of fungi isolated from different oil mill areas|
|Prakash Ghimire||1995||Prevalence of Bacteriuria and UTI in Nepalese women|
|Dev Kumar Ranjit||1995||Study of antimicrobial resistant Echerichia Coli|
|Buddhi Pudasaini||1995||Study of solid waste of Kathmandu Valley and its impact on Kathmandu|
|Moti lal Shrestha||1995||Microbiology of wound infection, a hospital based study|
|Durga Ghimire||1995||Bacteriological profile of bacteriaemia patients visiting Patan Hospital|
|Ira Tuladhar||1996||Bacteriological study of cheese of Kathmandu City|
|Bishwa Kala Aryal||1996||Serological analysis of Escherichia coli isolated from various clinical specimens with special interest in gastroenteritis|
|Sabina Dangol||1996||Microbiology of worm infection at Tribhuvan University Teaching Hospital|
|Rabindra Acharya||1996||A research on integrated fish culture utilizing human wastes in Nepal|
|Pradipta Udas||1996||Bacteriological study of ice-cream butter and rasbery of Kathmandu city|
|Pravin Malla "Shrestha"||1996||Improvement of nutrictional value of soybean by fermentation using aspergillus oryzae|
|Amod Kumar Pokharel||1996||Micro-Biological Study of paper industries effects|
|Bihnesh Shrestha||1996||Screening of thermophiles from hot spring of Nepal for thermostable proteases.|
|Kusumabati Bagracharya||1996||Bacteriological analysis of intestine of fish and its environment|
|Usha Joshi||1996||Hazard analysis critical control points module of traditional Nepalese meat based street foods|
|Sagarika Manandhar||1996||Microbiology of urinary tract infection a hospital based study|
|Sarita Manandhar||1996||Isolation of pectolytic microorganisms from citnus fruits and characterization of the pectic enzymes|
|Rashmila Prajapati||1996||Fermented soybean: A possible replacer of fish meal|
|Rina Pradhan||1996||Isolation of Bacillus thuringiensis from soils of Nepal and its insect toxicity.|
|Paru Joshi||1996||Bacteriological study of fresh vegetables of Kathmandu valley|
|Bashudha Shrestha||1996||Isolation of salmonella species from blood and study of its antibiotic sensitivity patterns|
|Pradipta Bhushan Pokhreli Udas||1996||Bacteriological study of ice-cream butter and rosbery of Kathmandu city|
|Chandra Prakash Bhatta||1996||Study of different diagnostic methods and prevalence of Pulmonary tuberculosis among Nepalese population|
|Deen Bandhu Bhatta||1996||Hazard analysis critical control point process in milk chain|
|Gyanendra Ghimire||1997||Studies on amylolytic activity during solid state fermentation of murcha a traditional yeast starter of Nepal|
|Manoj Thapa||1997||Bacteriological study of water and its treatment using plant products|
|Kishor Manandhar||1997||Serological survey of hepatitis B surface antigen among the healthy Nepalese males|
|Sarala Joshi||1997||Microbiological study of bodyfluid|
|Rakesh Kumar Jha||1997||Fermential soybean a suitable protein source in fish diet in relation to its enzyme system|
|Batu Krishna Sharma Kuinkel||1997||Study on air microflora of Kathmandu valley and its seasonal and location variation|
|Era Shrestha||1997||Study on B-Lactamase activity by microbiological and biochemical methods in Staphylococcus aureus from healthy Nasal carriers and Hospital Isolates|
|Bikash Pandey||1997||Microbiological and chemical analysis of food beverages (alcoholic and non-alcoholic) of Kathmandu valley|
|Manju Shree Shakya||1997||Microbial analysis of burn injuries at burn unit of different hospitals|
|Chandana Gurung||1997||Study of actiology of acute diarrhoea with special interest in Salmonella and Shigella|
|Rajeev Mani Nepal||1997||Nutritional improvement of soybean by fermentation for its possible use in feed for developing state of carp family|
|Puspa Man Shrestha||1997||Bacteriological analysis of fish and its environment and enzymatic activities of fish isolates|
|Kalpana K.C.||1997||Isolation of antibiotic resistant enteric bacteria from community ponds and their antibiotic transfer mechanims in such environment|
|Sushilman Singh pradhan||1997||Optimization of Nutrient conditions for thormostable protoase production|
|Rishi Prakash Niraula||1997||Hazard Analysis critical control point (HACCP) process of cheese manufacturing in Nepal|
|Binod Lekhak||1997||Study on industrial effluent and its biolotical treatment using LEMNA species|
|Sampurna Singh Dangol||1997||Cauterization and Optimization of amylase produced|
|Leela Shrestha||1997||Microbiology of Burn Wound in Children at Kanti children's hospital|
|Kritika Gautam||1997||Prevalence of urinary tract infection on children|
|Rumu Amatya||1998||Studies on mesophilic and thermopilic microorganisms commonly found in compost piles of Kathmandu valley|
|Bishnu Raj Tiwari||1998||An epidemiological study of antibiotic resistant enteric bacteria in sub-urban community of Kathmandu valley.|
|Anjana Shakya||1998||Microbiology of oral cavity with special interest to B-Hemolytic Streptococcus|
|Kiran Shah||1998||Characterization of E-coli isolated from urinary tract infected patients|
|Keshab Parajuli||1997||Study of causative organisms from pus sample and its antibiotic sensitivity pattern|
|Luna Bhatta||1998||Study of antimicrobial properties of punica granatminum|
|Makhan Maharjan||1998||Assessment of groundwater quality and study of antibiotic resistance and olidynamic action against some isolated enteric bacteria|
|Reshma Tamrakar||1998||Antibacterial activities of antinomy cetes isolated from soils of Kathmandu valley|
|Sunil Manandhar||1998||Impact of effluents on rivers and reduction of biochemical oxygen demand using Cladosporium oxysporum|
|Archana Shrestha||1998||Cerviccts and cancer of in Nepal|
|Kaushal Joshi||1999||A prospective study on bacteriology of lower respiratory tract infection among the patients visiting T.U. teaching hospital Kathmandu|
|Jyoti Amatya||1998||Study of urinary tract infection and cancer of urinary bladder|
|Krishna Lal Kandel||1999||Infection of foot ulcers in Leprosy Patients|
|Archana Katuwal||1999||A perspective study on bacteriology of would infection among impatient at Bir Hospital (A Hospital Based Study)|
|AnJali Tibrewal||1999||A prespective study on etiological agents causing infective endocarditis and related bacteri\aemic and septiaemic cases among patients visiting Bir Hospital|
|Hirdaya Ratna Shakya||1999||Prospective study on aetidogy of childhood diarrhoea based on clinical featured and laboratory investigation|
|Monika Joshi||1999||Seroprevalence of hepatitis B And hepatitis C infection among blood donors in Kathmandu valley|
|Puspa Raj Dahal||1999||Utilization of fruit wastes for the production of citric acid via fermentation by using Aspergillums|
|Buddhi Sagar Ghimire||1999||Utilization of tea wastes as a substrate for microbial protein production|
|Rupa Acharya||1999||Production of aflatoxin by Aspergillus flavus isolated from different edible foodstuffs of Kathmandu|
|Deepak Singh||1999||Antibacterial activity of actinomycetes isolated from various geogra phical region of Nepal and characterization of their antibacterial agents.|
|Bijaya Kumar Dhakal||1999||A prospective study of urinary tract infection based on culture and direct microscopy of urine along with the antibiotic sensitivity test of urinary pathogens|
|Krishna Prashad Subedi||1999||Insecticidal activities and immunology of delta-endotoxins of Bacillus thuringiensis isolated from insect samples of Nepal|
|Roshana Joshi (Shrestha)||1999||Preliminary test of bacteriocins from Pseudomonas sps isolated from potato|
|Sandesh Regmi||1999||Isolation, screening, identification and selection of best fermentative yeast from murcha sample|
|Aarati Karki||1997||Prevalence of acute diarrhoeal episodes in Kathmandu valley during 1997|
|Pallavi Sthapit||1999||The Isolation and identification of antibiotic producing bacteria in the compost samples of Kathmandu valley|
|Shaila Basnyat||1999||Studies on effect of pesticides on soil inhabiting bacteria of pesticide applied cultivated fields of Kathmandu valley|
|Palpasa Tuladhar||1999||A perspective study on bacteriology of wound infection at Tribhuvan University Teaching Hospital|
|Reena Lamichhane||1999||Study of Methicillin resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) isolated from different clinical samples|
|Chenu Gongol||1999||Fermentation of grape juice by using brewing yeast isolated from Nepalese starter-murcha|
|Leena Rajbhandari||1999||Efficiency of alcohol fermentation of herdemu vulgate (Naked barley) from traditional murcha|
|Sanchita Sapkota||1999||Antibacterial Activity of natural honey: A preliminary study|
|Thakur Prasad Paudel||1999||Drug resistant enteric bacteria in poultry samples of Kathmandu valley and their epidemiological study by plasmid profiling|
|Harish Chandra Shrestha||2000||Screening of aflatoxin producing Aspergillus flavus isolated from maize and study on their growth suppression by various chemical agents|
|Nawa Raj Bangade||1999||A prospective study on aetiology of bacteremia septicacmia at Tribhuvan University Teaching Hospital|
|Anand Bahadur Chand||2000||A prospective study on Aetiological agents of diarrheal disease in children in relation to parasites and to determine the antibiotic sensitivity pattern of isolates|
|Binita Panta||2000||A study on sexually transmitted infections among the patients visiting at Tribhuvan University Teaching Hospital|
|Sujan Piya||2000||A study on diarrhea in children in relation to behavioral and environment factors|
|Dev Raj Joshi||2000||Studies on role of exopolysaccharide of Xanthomonas campestris PV. campestris, isolated from cabbage seeds, in pathgenesis and correlation of exopolysaccharide in pathgenicity on host plants|
|Abhignya Subedi||2000||Prevalence of multiple drug resistant enteric bacterial pathogens in diarrhoeal patients of Kathmandu and study of their relations by plasmid profiling|
|Priyambada Paudyal||2000||Study on the relationship between the infections of Helicobacter pylori and epstein barr virus and the corcinogenesis of the gastric cancer|
|Chandra Kala Rai||2000||A perspective study on antibiotic sensitivity profiles of the organisms associated with clinical infections among the patients attending T.U. Teaching Hospital; A hospital based study|
|Arishma Rajkarnikar (singh)||2000||Antibiotic resistant Vibrio cholerae isolated from Kathmandu valley and characterization of the isolates by biotyping and serotyping|
|Shiva Raj Pokhrel||2000||Microbiological and chemical analysis of mineral water sold in the kathmandu valley|
|Naba Raj Pokhrel||2000||Screening and evaluation of the antimicrobial activity of some medicinal plants of Nepal and isolation of pure antimicrobial compound four bushfire variegate|
|Pankaj Acharya||2000||Microbiological study on street fried foods and isolation and identification of some microorganisms of public health importance|
|Purushotam Prasai||2000||Microbiological study of raw meat of Kathmandu valley with public health and veterinary importance and serological study of the isolated Salmonella species|
|Sunita Pokhrel||2000||Serodiagnosis of Syphilis among clinically suspected patients visiting Bir Hospital and the Risk of HIV and Hepatitis B infection among syphilitic patients|
|Munman K.C.||-------||Bacterial analysis of street food in relation to child health|
|Bhupesh Khadka||2000||Immuno diagnostics for tuberculosis|
|Sapana Sharma||2000||Antimicrobial activity of essential oils of some common species|
|Rajandra Prasad Aryal||2000||Study on viruses in relation with skin cancer among Nepalese people|
|Parmeshwor Narayan Amatya||2000||Study on cytokine (interferon-gamma) responses to skin test antigens of leprosy|
|Chariu Arjyal||2001||Bacteriology of ear discharges|
|Pratap Karki||2001||Study of solar Disinfection of drinking water|
|Prakriti Raj Kandel||2001||A study of severe Malaria in-relation to HIV and syphilis among patients visiting bherizamal Hospital|
|Abhilasla Karkey||2001||Monitoring of liver and renal function among human immunodeficiency virus positive individuals|
|Rupa Shakya||2001||Study on bacterial flora in blood specimen collected from hospitalized and out patients service of T.U. teaching hospital|
|Prerana Bajracharya||2001||Sero-diagnosis of Japnese Encephalitis and malaria and an assesment of public health awarnes about the above diseases (A study confined within BHERI Zonal hospital)|
|Prakash Kumar Paudyal||2001||Study of physico-chemical and bacteriological parameters of Bagmati river and treatment of polluted water using clodosporium resinoe|
|Suresh Subedi||2001||Study of prevalence of helicobacter pylori in gastroducdenal diseases and evaluation of antibiotic sensitivity pattern of the isolates.|
|Ganga Gharty Chetri||2001||Prevalence of tuberculosis among the suspected patients visiting Tribhuvan University Teaching Hospital and their antimicrobial resistance pattern|
|Arjun Thapa||2001||Study of indoor Vs. outdoor air microfilaria and its relations to PM 7.07|
|Giri Raj Dahal||2001||Air quality assessment of Brick rain area|
|Shila Bhattarai||2001||Study of microflora of vermicompost and its anlagonistic activity against plant pathogenic bacteria|
|Saphala Dhital||2001||Determination of antibiotic resistant gram negative urinary pathogens in pediatric patient at kanti children's hospital|
|Rama Dhungel||2001||Prevelance of common bacterial different clinical samples pathogens in submitted at Tribhuvan university teaching hospital and their antibiotics sensitivity test profiles|
|Mahesh Ram Baidya||2001||Sereening and evaluation of in vitro antimicrobial activity of medicinal plants of Nepal|
|Buddhi Kumar Shrestha||2001||Study of hazare dialysis critical control point (HACCP) system in sausage-production plants|
|Anju Sharma||2001||Enumeration and isolation of pesticide degrading bacteria from different soil samples of Kathmandu valley and study on transferability of degradative plasmid from Pseudomonas Putida isolates into E. Coli|
|Lata Ghimire||2001||Study of microbial flora present in the conjzmctiva of the cataract patients before and after the use of betadinne solution and its antibiotic sensitivity pattern|
|Sushama Sharma||2002||Study of Microbiological and chemical quality of fermented milks (DAHI) of Kathmandu valley|
|Chaman Ranjit||2001||Distribution of citrus Tiristeza virus in various regions in Nepal and development of virus free plantlets by meristem culture|
|Tarani Prasad Paneru||2002||Antibiotic sensitivity profile of Escherichia coli, klebsiella and Pseudomonas of patients visiting TUTH Kathmandu|
|Megha Raj Banjara||2002||Study of air, water and wound infection in different words of T.U. Teaching Hospital|
|Sangita Bhattarai||2002||Insecticidal activities of Bacillus thuringiensis against cluex quinquefacatus and spodoptera Litura|
|Kiran Babu Tiwari||2002||Study of Meningitis in patients University teaching Hospital|
|Nawaraj Dhakal||2002||Microbial Digestion of vegetable and Kitchen wastes for Biogas|
|Yogan Khatri||2002||Development of IND-elisa for for actinomycetes and Study of Senological Relationship|
|Supriti Shrestha||2002||Assessment of Drinking water quality supplied by Nepal supply corporation Sundarighat and identification, Antibiotic sensitivity pattern and serotyping of isolated Escherichia coli.|
|Sriju Sharma||2002||Pattern of Microbial flora among the visitors and the environment of intensive care unit (ICU) Tribhuvan University teaching Hospital|
|Rajita Rajbhandari||2002||Prevalence and Antibiotic Sensitivity Pattern of Methicillin Resistant Staphylococcus Aereus (MRSA) in Bir Hospital|
|Aashish Poudyal||2002||Salmonella Serotyping and Drug Susceptibility pattern from Environment and Clinical Samples of Urban Nepal|
|Anima Shrestha||2002||Bacteriological Study of Upper Respiratory tract infection in pediatric patients|
|Rupa Pandey||2002||A. Hospital based study of urinary tract infection among women visiting antental clinic of tribhuvan universit teaching hospital|
|Tista Prasai||2002||Drinking water quality assessment of kathmandu valley and antibacterial property of Enteric Bacteria Isolated|
|Deepak Acharya||2002||Prevalence of beta-haemolytic sterptococci in throat of school children and its antibiotic sensitivity pattern.|
|Khadga Bikram Shah||2002||Study on nasal carriage of Staphylococcus aureus among the post operative ward visitors, staff and patients of TU teaching hospital with drug sensitivity pattern|
|Bishwa Raj Thapa||2003||Optimization and use of polymeisase chain reaction for the diagnosis of tuberculosis and Leprosy|
|Durga Shreatha||2003||Prevalence of Bacterial infection in Acute hepatitis in Nepal|
|Sneha Bam||2002||Quality control in tuberculosis smear microscopy|
|Ita Bhattarai||2003||Study of the prevalence of camfryholacter in Daw meat and drinking water in water corporation of Kathmandu and Possible research for shigella|
|Janak Raj Dhungana||2002||Tuberculosis and human immuno deficiency virus co-infection in united mession hospital Nepal|
|Binod Prasad Pathak||2003||A prospective study on acute group a streptococcal pharyogitis and its delayed sequelae on school children of Kathmandu valley, Nepal|
|Diyo Ram Rai||2003||Study of the factors associated with enteric parasitic infection among school children in a rural village setting in Kathmandu valley, Nepal|
|Narayan Raj Bhattarai||2003||Anti-tuberculosis treatment resistant in pulmonary tuberculosis patients visiting German-Nepal tuberculosis project kalimati, Kathmandu,|
|Keshav Rai||2003||Relative study of enterophathogens (parasites and bacteria) in gastroenteritis and its predisposing factors|
|Rajender Prasad Subedi||2003||Study of Ambient air micro flora of Kathmandu valley and its relation to P.M. 10|
|Darshan Sapkota||2003||Prevalence of anteric parasitosis in HIV/AIDS Patients of Nepal|
|Nagenra Prasad Yadav||2003||Prevalence of lymptatic filariasis is Dhenusha district of Nepal|
|Madhu Sudan Pandey||2003||Study on the prevalence of multiple drug resistant Salmonella in poultry birds|
|Pallavi Gurung||2003||Microbial contamination of the contact lens and its care|
|Sushil Chandra Regmi||2003||Evaluation of Nitrate test in detecting urinary Tract infection|
|Salina Gairte||2003||Microbial colonization of maternal genital tract and its relationship to onset of early neonatal sepsis|
|Bhagabati Panday||2004||Studies on the antibacterial activity of antiromycetes isolated from khambu region of Nepal.|
|Sachindra Raj Joshi||2003||Carriage pattern of Staphylococcus aureus in healthy school children|
|Preeti Gautan||2004||Prevalence of Urinary tract infection in Datetic Patients|
|Pratap Shahi||2002||Comparative Study of tuberculosis test Ziehl Neelsen staining and culture in the diagnosis of tuberculosis|
|Niraja Thapa||2002||Superficial fungal infection and awareness status among the patients visiting dermatology outpatients department of tribhuvan university teaching hospital|
|Suraj Dhungel||2004||Moduflation of whole blood immune to phenolic glycolipid (PGTD of M. Leprae)|
|Smritee Pokharel||2004||Comparative evaluation of different staining techniques for the diagnosis of tuberculosis lymphadenitis|
|Manoj Ghimire||2004||Evaluation of antimicrobial resistance status in Kirtipur community bacterial isolates|
|Pukar Acharya||2004||Air quality assessment of Kathmandu Valley|
|Dipak Adhikari||2004||Production and characterijation of the antimicrobial substances from Bacillus species|
|Bharat Khatiwada||2004||Characterization of proteases from Bacillus species producing antimicrobial substances|
|Punita Gauchan||2004||Lower respiratory tract infection a socio-medical aspect|
|Chandra Sdhekheir Rajaure||2003||Study on performance of waste water treatment plant at guheshwari|
|Jaya Sharma||2004||A prospective study on microbiology of lower respiratory tract infection and antibiotic sensitivity profile with interest in multidrug resistance and extended spectrum of betalactamase strains|
|Surath Uuadhyaya||2004||Prevalence of Lymphatic filariasis in Parsa District of Nepal|
|Puspa Raj Pandey||2004||Field evaluation of the OPTimal test for the rapid diagnosis of malaria|
|Deepak Joshi||2004||An epidemiological study of malaria in Kanchanur District during 2003|
|Yadav Wagley||2004||Microbiology of Bacteraemia and septicaemia in patients visiting Tribhuvan University, Teaching Hospital (TUTH) Kathmandu.|
|Anjita Rajbanshi||2004||Study on heavy metal resistant bacteria in the waste water treatment plant at Guheshwori|
|Abhilasha Gurung||2004||Prevalence of catheter associated urinary tract infection as Hospital acquired infection in TUTH|
|Amin Khadka||2004||Comparative evaluation of four different tests in the diagnosis of Visceral leishmaniasis in Nepal|
|Toya Nath Sapkota||2004||Microbial quality evaluation of milk and butter with special reference to the milk pathogens and MBRT test|
|Komal Rajj Rijal||2004||An epidemiological study of anti-tuberculosis drug resistance pattern in the pulmonary tuberculosis patients visiting national tuberculosis centre.|
|Munal Subedi||2004||A Hospital study of urinary tract infection among pregnant women visiting Lumbini Zonal Hospital, Butwal|
|Amrit M.S. Maharjan||2002||Study on the impairment of liver kindney and pancreas in Hepatitis B and C positive cases|
|Ranjan K. C||2004||Enteropathogens associated with acute diarrhoea in patients visiting National Public Laboratory, Teku.|
|Bijaya Malla||2004||Study on nasopharyngeal pneumococcal carriage enteroparasitic infectations in children|
|Sabina Shrestha||2004||Study on the prevalence of Salmonella species from blood sample of the patients visiting national public health laboratory, Teku|
|Santosh Thapa||2004||Prevalence of Methicillin resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) in children visiting Kanti children's Hospitals|
|Narayan Prasad Kandel||2004||Bacteriological profile of bacteraemia and speticaemia among patients of infective endocarditis|
|Deepu Pudasaini||2004||Microbial study of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease in patients admitted in Nepal Medical College Teaching Hospital, Jorpati|
|Puja Shrestha||2004||A prospective study of urinary tract infections in female patients attending Kathmandu Model Hospital|
|Nirajan Thapa Kshetry||2004||Prevalence of Aeromonas in different clinical samples and water with special interest in Gastroenteritis|
|Raj Kumar Karki||2004||Serostatus of rheumatoid factor, c-reactive protein, antistreptolysin-o and uric acid in patients visiting OM Hospital and research centre|
|Gokarna Raj Ghimire||Study of urinary tract infection among kidney transplant patients visiting National Public Health Laboratory, Teku.|
|Bijaya Bajracharya||2004||Prevalence of vulvovaginal giardiasis in females attending gynecological outpatient department of Tribhuvan University Teaching Hospital|
|Pradeep Kafle||2004||Seroprevalence of torch in Nepalese women of childbearing age and evaluation of biochemical parameters|
|Roshani Maharjan||2005||Detection of enteric pathogens (Vibrio Cholerae and Escherichia coli 0157) in childhood diarrhoeal cases|
|Sulochana Basnet (Mahat)||2004||Prevalence of Urinary tract infection and candiasis of pregnant women at community based reproductive health care & counseling center of Kirtipur Municipality|
|Diksha Khadka||2005||Detection of Enteropathogens (Salmonella spp, Shigella spp and Parasites) in the stool specimen of children suffering from diarrhea and admitted at kanti children Hospital|
|D Radha||2004||Evaluation of antimicrobial activities of some medical plants|
|Dinesh Thapa||2004||Seroprev valence of hepatitis B and HIV among volunteer blood donors of Kathmandu|
|Dipendra Gautam||2005||Prevalence of lower respiratory tract pathogens (bacterial) in Nepalese HIV/AIDS Patients|
|Prakash Chandra Amatya||2004||Study of Bacteraemia in malnourished children admitted to Kanti children's hospital|
|Dal Bahadur Khatri||2005||Recovery of sliver from used X-Ray films using alkaline protease extracted from Bacillus spp|
|Niraj Nakarmi||2005||Screening of soil bacillus species for ß lactamase activity|
|Susan Pandey||2005||Genetic variability of Mycobacterium leprae in Nepal|
|Rajdeep Bomjan||2005||Prevalence of multidrug resistant strains with reference to extended spectrum beta-lactamase producing strains among the bacterial pathogens isolated from different clinical samples at Tribhuvan University Teaching Hospital|
|Trishna Manandhar||2005||Antibiotic susceptibility profile of bacterial pathogens in urinary trace infection with special reference to extended spectrum beta lactamase (ESBL) oridycubt straubs|
|Deepa Shrestha||2005||Study on Microbiology of urinary tract infection and the prevalence of multidrug resistant strains among the bacterial pathogens|
|Govinda Prasad Dhungana||2005||Tuberculosis and HIV co-infection in HIV-AIDS persons of Nepal|
|Uma Shrestha||2005||Cross-sectional study of respiratory pathogenes and their antibiotic susceptibiligy pattern in Tribhuvan Unversity Teaching Hospital|
|Ajaya Poudel||2006||Loop-mediated isothermal amplification for direct detection of mycobacterium tuberculosis in sputum samples|
|Niroj Man Amatya||2006||A study on etiological agents of bacteraemia and antibiotic susceptibiligy pattern of isolates|
|Anjana Upadhayay||2005||Biodiversity and bioactivity of endophytic fungi of tsuga dumosa D. Don|
|Yukti Basnet||2006||Vermicomposting, enrichment of vermicompost by azotobacter chroococcum and response on phaseolus bean|
|Bishnu Bhakta Dhungyel||2006||Prevalence of malaria and hepatitis B among Nepalese blood donors|
|Deepika Shrestha||2006||Evaluation of different staining techniques (Ziehl neelsen stain, Kinyoun stain, Modified cold stain and fluorochrome stain) for the diagnosis of pulmonary tuberculosis|
|Upendra Thapa Shrestha||2006||Study of delta encotoxin immunocrossreactivity of bacillus thuringiensis isolates from khumbu base camp of the Everest Region|
|Gyan Sundar Sahukhal||2006||Study of genetic polymorphism among bacillus thuringensis isolates from Khumbu Base Camp of Everest Region by randomly amplified polymorphic DNA polymerase Chain Reaction|
|Samira Khatiwada||2006||Study of prevalence of enteric fever and the assessment of widal test in the diagnosis of typhoid fever|
|Sirjana Devi Shrestha||2006||A prospective study on etiology of diarrhea with reference to multiple drug resistant enteric bacterial pathogens|
|Mr. Sunil Maharjan||2006||Prevalence of intestinal parasitosis among HIV/HIDS patients of Kathmandu Valley and Dhulikhel|
|Ms. Chamala Lama||2006||Microbiological study among diarrhoeal children in relation to cyclospora and rotavirus infection|
|Mr. Navaraj Raj Adhikari||2006||Study of prevalence of intestinal parasitic infection among HIV seropositive subjects and high risk group for HIV infection in Bagmati Zone, Nepal|
|Mr. Dhan Kumar Pant||2006||Assessment of therapeutic of anti-mallarial drug (chloroquine) for plasmodium vivax in kanchanpur district, Nepal|
|Mr. Bikash Shakya||2006||Study on intestinal infections by parasite and some bacteria among elderly people of Kathmandu Valley.|
|Jyoti Pant||2006||Microbial study of hospital environment and carrier pattern study among staff in Nepal Medical College Teaching Hosptial|
|Poonam Thapa||2006||Assessment of hazard analysis critical control point (HACCP) from restaurants of Kathmandu metropolitan city with respect to environmental condition|
|Shyam Prasad Dumre||2006||Sero-epidemiology of Japanese encephalitis in Nepal|
|Arina Shrestha||2006||A study on soil transmitted helminthiasis in Kathmandu Valley|
|Nisha Puri||2006||Study on the incidence of urinary tract infection in diabetic patients and the prevalence of multidrug resistant strains among the bacterial pathogenic isolates|
|Sanchita Dahal||2006||Prevalence of bacterial and fungal agents causing lower respiratory tract infections in patients with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection|
|Sudeep Singh||2006||Isolation and identifcaton of the etiolotical agent of pulmonary tuberculosis in patients visiting national tuberculosis center, Thimi, Bhaktapur|
|Shishir Sharma||2006||Microbial flora among vstors and the hospital environment in ICU and SICU at TUTH|
|Sangeeta Shrestha||2006||A study on possible contribution of horizontal transmission in neonatal sepsis at TUTH|
|Kiran Sapkota||2006||Prevalence of methicillin resistant staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) in clinical specimnets from patients and screening of nasal carriage of MRSA from Medical Staffs of Bir Hospital|
|Dinesh Dhakal||2006||Study of the disease citrus canker and field trial to find its effective control measure in “Kavre” Nepal.|
|Jeny Shrestha||2006||Effect of dual inoculation of Rhizobium leguminosarum biovar p[haseoli and Piriformospora indica verma et al. on phaseolus vulgaris grown in the soil treated with vermicompost|
|Rajani Shrestha||2006||Study on the effect of co-inoculation of bradyrhizobium japonicum and pirifirmospora indica verma et al. on glycine max (L.) merr.|
|Shova Khanal||2006||A study on microbiology of urinary tract nfection at Tribhuvan University Teaching Hospital Kathmandu Nepal|
|Olivia Thapa||2006||Evaluation of antibiacterial activity of some medicinal plants frequently used in respiratory and gastrointestinal diseases in Nepal|
|Rachana Manandhar||2006||Pattern of bacterial flora in various out patient departments of TUTH|
|Asta Ram Khagi||2006||A comparative study of different diagnostic methods for Mycobacterium tuberculosis in suspected patients visiting National Tuberculosis Centre, Thimi, Bhaktapur, Nepal|
|Sarita Shrestha||2007||Study on prevalence of common types of vaginitis (candidiasis, traichomoniasis and bacterial vaginosis) among the pregnant women visiting thapathali maternity hospital Kathmandu|
|Nirmala Dhungana||2007||Role of Glomus Microcarpum in the production of whear (triticum aestivum) plants|
|Padma Shrestha||2007||Study of bacteria causing urinary tract infection and their antimicrobial resistance trend at national public health laboratory|
|Rup Bahadur Kunwor||2007||Nalidxic acid resistant salmonella with decreased ciprofloxacin susceptibility|
|Shiva Ram Pant||2007||Corelation of secondary infection with peripheral level T lymphocyte with CD4 marker (CD$) count in HIV/AIDS patients|
|Rama Gyewali||2007||A study on Microbiological and chemical quality of water of Kathmandu|
|Sujata Lamichhane||2007||Study on seroprevalence of IgM Antibiodies against the agents of torch infections among the patients visiting National Public Health Laboratory|
|Kamil Prajapati||2007||Effect of dual inoculation of azotobacterchroococcum and piriformospora indica verma et al on oryza satwal croun in the soil treated with vermicompost|
|Shradha Chiplalu||2007||Microbiological study on gastroenteritis of children from Kanti Children's Hospital with reference to cyclospora and rotavirus infection|
|Rojita Tuladhar||2007||Comparative evaluation of microscopic and cultural examination in bacterial meningitis among the patients attending Kanti Children Hospital|
|Anup Muni Bajracharya||2007||Study of drinking quality of Kathmandu Metropolitan areas and evaluation of antibacterial property of some medicinal plants against isolated enteric bacteria|
|Saraswoti Khadge||2007||DNA fingerprinting of Mycobacterium tuberculosis isolates in Nepal using PCR-labelled is 6110 probe|
|Bal Ram Adhikari||2007||Use of Loop-mediated isothermal amplification (Lamp) for direct detection of Mycobacterium in sputum|
|Semuhang Subba||2007||Study of antibiotic susceptibility pattern of mycobacterium tuberculosis in pulmonary tuberculosis patients visiting national tuberculosis center, Thimim Bhaktapur, Nepal|
|Rojita Tuladhar||2007||Comparative evaluation of microscopic and cultural examination in bacterial meningitis among the patients attending Kanti Children Hospital|
|Shradha Chipalu||2007||Microbiological study on gastroenteritis of children from Kanti Children's Hospital with reference to cyclospora and rotavirus infection|
|Bina Laxmi Jayana||2007||Assessment of drinking water quality of madhyapur-Thimi ans study of anti bacterial effect of lime juice against bacterial isolates|
|Kamala Lamsal||2005||Study the hospital environment of shahid gangalal national heart centre|
|Yasoda Gyawali||2007||Study on bacteriological profile of infected wound from patient's visiting to lumbini zonal hospital, butwal, Nepal|
|Deena Shrestha||2007||Prevalence of bacteraemia and septicaemia among children attending kanti children hospital with special reference to salmonella spp.|
|Pragya Sharma||2007||Study on intestinal parasitic infections in tharu community of bardiya district|
|Sujaya Nepali||2007||Screening of mycobacterium tuberculoss by selective inhibition with para-nitrobenzoic acid, its cytochemical staining and drug susceptibility to primary anti-tubercular drugs|
|Bhim Shrees||2005||Microbiological and physico-chemical analysis of alcoholic beverages of Kathmandu Valley|
|Prashqnna Raj Kafle||2007||Study on drinking water quality of Kathmandu and attending susceptibiligy of isolates|
|Khagendra Prakash K. C.||2007||Seroprevalence of rubella in Nepal|
|Madan Singh Bohara||2007||Reproductive tract infections among women attending gynaecological outpatient department Tribhuvan University Teaching Hospital|
|Sunita Maharjan||2007||Tuberculosis and human imuno-deficency virus co-infection in suspected TB patients|
|Srijana Thapaliya||2007||Study of biodiversity and bioactivity of endophytic fungi of some Himalayan conifers of Nepal|
|Prashamsa Karkee||2008||Bacterial isolatres and their antibiogram from wounds and abscesses of surgical outpatients visiting bir hospital|
|Sushma Acharya||2008||Comparison of the resistance ratio and proportikon methods for drug susceptibility testing of Mycobacterium tuberculosis isolated from patients visiting national tuberculosis centre|
|Kiran Kumari||2008||Pattern of bacterial isolates and antibiogram from open wound infection an\mong the indoor patients of Bir Hoapital|
|Binita Koirala||2008||Comparative study of polymerase chain reaction (PCR) and loop-mediated isothermal amplification (Lamp) for direct detection of Mycobacterium tuberculosis in sputum|
|Khagendra Koirala||2008||Sterid biosynthesis and embryonic stem cell proteins as putative predictive breast cancer biomarker|
|Sarmila Tandukar||2008||Enteropathogenic microorganisms in children under ten years of age attending Kanti Children's Hospital|
|Surendra Karki||2008||Seroprevalence of hepatitisc and HIV among blood donors in Kathmandu valley|
|Anil Shrestha||2008||Prevalence of soil transmitted parasites in raw vebetables of Kathmandu and stool samples of school children|
|Rumika Maharjan||2008||Estimation of incidence of HIV infection in Nepal by mode of transmissionamong various exposure groups|
|Nirajan Bhattarai||2008||Genetic simalasrities among bacillus thuringiensis strains from different climatic zones of Nepal|
|Chringma Sherpa||2008||Biochemical and molecular characterization of actinomycetes prosessing antibacterial properties from soil samples of kalapatthar, mounteverest region|
|Tara Devi Gurung||2008||Screening of actinomycetes from soil samples of Kalapatthar mount everest region for antibiosis|
|Suman Thapa||2008||Immunological screening of actinomycetes of khumbu region of Nepal|
|Pankaj Baral||2008||Multidrug resistance among various clinical bacterial isolates and production of different types of B-lactamases with subsequent transfer mechanism by plasmid DNA analysis|
|Sanjiv Neupane||2008||Isolation identification and plasmid profiling of multidrug resistant bacterial pathogens isolated from UTI patients|
|Suman Lama||2008||An evaluation of 5% NaOCI microscopy method for the laboratory diagnosis of pulmonary tuberculosis|
|Shree Krishna Shrestha||2008||Assessment of arsenic tolerant bacteria from arsenic contaminated groundwater in nawalparasi district of Nepal|
|Prerana Dhungana||2008||Isolation and characterization of arsenic tolerant microorganisms from tube well water of Nawalparasi, Nepal|
|Manita Guragain||2008||Biochemical and genetic characterization of actinomycetes from mount everest base camp|
|Narendra Maden||2008||Perspectives of arsenic exposure and asymptomatic microbial infections in Nawalparasi District|
|Kashi Ram Ghimire||2008||Microbiological quality evaluation of dahi/yoghurt of Kathmandu Valley|
|Bishnu Prasad Marasini||2008||Evaluation of antivicrobial activities of medicinal plants against some fungi and antibiotic resistant bacteria|
|Giridhari Rijal||2008||Urinary tract infection in diabetic microalbuminuric patients visiting B&B Hospital|
|Santa Raj Khanal||2008||A comparative study of IGM capture Elisa and particle agglutination assay for the diagnosis of Japanese Encephalitis among some Nepalese patients|
|Junu Koirala||2008||Study on antimicrobial activities of actinomycetes isolated from soils of different parts of khumbu region|
|Manoj Khadka||2008||Estimation and projection oif the trend of HIV/AIDS in Nepal till 2010 using estimation and projection pakage (EPP) softwere|
|Neelam Karna||2008||Cross-sectional study of urinary pathogens and their antibiotic susceptibility pattern with reference to extended spectreum beta lactamase (ESBL) producing strains in Kathmandu Model Hospital|
|Naresh Maharjan||2008||Evaluation of antibacterial activities of medicinal plants|
|Dinesh Maharjan||2008||The study of antibacterial activities of common spices|
|Barsha Gurung||2008||Antibiotic susceptibility pattern of salmonella isolates from blood sample of patients visiting Shree Birendra Hospital, Chauni|
|Minu K. C.||2008||Comparasion of blood culture and single slide agglutination widal test for the diagnosis of enteric fever|
|Rupa Nepal||2008||Bacteriological profile and antibiotic susceptibility pattern of the isolates from infected burn wound at Kanti Children's Hospital|
|Nabaraj Dahal||2008||Comparative evaluation of macroscopic, microscopic, serological and cultural examination of csf in bacterial memingitis|
|Prakash Shrestha||2008||Study on HIV and sexually transmitted infections among the female commercial sex workers of Kathmandu Valley|
|Rishi Baniya||2008||Screening of antimicrobial activity of actinomycetes from soil samples of manang region of Nepal and their biological characterization|
|Dhiraj Acharya||2008||Fluoroquinolone susceptibiligy pattern of the salmonella isolates from enteric fever patients visiting to National Public Health Laboratory, Nepal|
|Krishna Prasad Pant||2009||Sero-epidemiology of Japanese encephalitis in some selectedhospitals of Nepal|
|Ramesh Pun||2009||Sero-epidemiology of dengue virus infection in the post monsoon period I terai region of Nepal|
|Supriya Sharma||2008||Bacteriological profile of urine of postoperative patients undergone open heart surgery at Shahid Gangalal National Heart Centre, Nepal|
|Ashish Chandra Shrestha||2009||Transfusion transmissible infections among blood donors in Kathmandu, Nepal|
|Sulochana Manandhar||2008||Bacteriological and histological profile of heart valves resected from infective endocarditis patients|
|Shailaja Adhikari||2008||Prevalence of helicobacter pylori among dyspeptic patients attending Bir Hospital, Nepal|
|Manita Aryal||2008||Isolation, identification and antibiotic sensitivity testing of salmonella serovars from enteric fever suspected patients visiting Bir Hospital|
|Krishna Govinda Prajapati||2009||Antibiotic susceptibility pattern of salmonella from blood of suspected enteric fever patients attending Patan Hospital|
|Hemanta Khanal||2009||Seroprevalence of hepatitis B virus among blood donors in Jhapa, Nepal|
|Pratirodh Koirala||2009||Bacterioloigcal profiles of tracheal aspirates of patients attending National Institute of Neurolobical and allied sciences.|
|Avishekh Gautam||2009||Evaluation of the three commercially availavle elisa test kits for the detection of Anti- HIV antibodies|
|Archana Bhattarai||2009||Spectrum and antibiotic susceptibility pattern of bacterial isolates causing conjunctivitis among the patients visiting B.P. Koirala lions center for ophthalmic studies|
|Rabindra Karki||2009||Cholera incidence among diarrhoeal patients visiting national public health laboratory, Nepal|
|Anita Bhattarai||2009||Bacterioogy of chronic dacryocystitis and antibiotic susceptibiligy pattern of isolated bacteria|
|Esha Shrestha||2009||Isolation and characterization of salmonella from drinking water samples of urban water supply system of Kathmandu|
|Pratibha Thapa||2009||Strain typing of mycobacterium leprae isolates from Nepal uning variable number of tanden repeats|
|Binita Adhikari||2009||Use of minisatellite genetic profiling with clinical analysis of leprosy patients in Nepal|